Grade:10-Term 4: Social control

Social control

The effort to create equilibrium/balance condition in society. The goal is to achieve harmony between stability and change in society.

In society there are social norms that rule all society members behavior. The norms grow through socialization process, in which determines behaviors that are allowed and not allowed to do. In this process the norms become guidance and standard for society member.

Individual in society is dynamic and always grow. They interact each other so that create social change, either progress or regress. The social change also can change social structure that already settled. By changing the social structure can create social disorder system (ketidakseimbangan sistem). For example the morality decadency such as free sex, drug abuse, prostitution, corruption etc.

With such condition society needs social order to ensure that its members conform to accept and approve ways of behaving. without social control  it is difficult to see how standardized and predictable behavior could be maintained.  

The ways of social control
1. Through institution and non-institution
2. Oral, symbolic, and violence
3. Reward and punishment
4. Formal and informal
5. Socialization
6. Social pressure

The roles of formal and  informal
social institution

In order to persuade people to follow the normal ways of behaving, societies have developed two methods of ensuring conformity: informal and formal social control. The most common form of social control is informal and is based upon the socialization process. socialization and social control are mixed together, so it is difficult to distinguish one clearly from the other.

Informal social control refers to the mechanisms that are used to reinforce socialization. It is based on rewards and encouragement for correct behavior and sanction such as ridicule, gossip and comment for incorrect behavior.

Informal social control may also be exercised within family, peer group, small-group setting.

Formal control refers to the public, legal forms of controlling the population. certain activities are regarded as dangerous to society, and therefore forbidden. Special agencies appointed for the purposes of social control include the police, the courts and the prisons. They catch, judge and punish anyone who breaks the law, and in the process they attempt to deter others from doing the same thing. The armed forces are also a means of formal social control, though in general they are only used as a last resort to prevent order breaking down or when it has already broken down.

Here are examples of formal institution that have role for social control
-Prominent society

Analyze the case below!
1. During ramadhan there are a group of people do a sweeping to traditional restaurant (Warung Tegal) seeking people who are not fasting.
2. Based on the statement, is their action is part of social control? In this case what their role as? What kind of social control the are part of? Give your argument upon your answer!



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