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Sunday, November 24, 2013

Socialization and Personality Formation





Definition
Socialisation is internalization and transfer process of habit, value and norm from one generation to next generation in a society.   
Factors personality forming
l..  Biological inheritance
2.  Physical Environment
3.  Culture
4.  Group experience
5.  Unique experience

Socialization agents
l. Family
2.  Peer Group (Teman Sepermainan)
3.  School
4.  Mass Media

Socialization form
l.  Primary Socialization
-          Happens in Family 
-          First socialization accepted by individual
2.  Secondary Socialization
                Re-socialization and de-socialization process are going on
Socialization types
l  FORMAL SOCIALIZATION
   - school
2.  INFORMAL SOCIALIZATION
    - peer group

Socialization Pattern
l.  REPRESIVE SOCIALIZATION
                Using punishment or violence
2.  PARTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION
                Children usually are given a reward and non-violence reward.

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